The Nile is one of the most famous rivers in the world. Located in North Africa, it flows through 11 countries, including Kenya, Congo, Sudan, Uganda, and Egypt, before it eventually drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
The northern section of the river flows through an area which is almost entirely desert, providing fertility and a source of water. Egypt has relied on the Nile since ancient times, with most of the population living along the riverbanks or nearby.
The most important thing the Nile provided to the Ancient Egyptians was fertile land. Most of Egypt is desert, but along the Nile River the soil is rich and good for growing crops. The three most important crops were wheat, flax, and papyrus. Wheat – Wheat was the main staple food of theEgyptians.